What is Teenage Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the medical term for enlarged breasts in adolescent boys. This can be due to a number of causes including benign growths, hormone problems, and heredity. The male breast tissue consists of glandular and adipose tissues. The main function of the male breast tissue is to produce and secrete milk during puberty. As a result, the breast tissues contribute to growth and development

This can lead to an enlargement of the breasts in adolescent boys which can be caused by hormonal imbalances or because of substances such as alcohol that can interfere with testosterone levels, leading to estrogen dominance.

The general cause for teenage gynecomastia is hormonal imbalance that leads to estrogen dominance or alcohol interfering with testosterone levels.

The condition usually goes away after puberty but surgery may be necessary if the condition persists.

Several factors can lead to Teenage Gynecomastia.

These include hormone imbalance (of which there are several different types),

  • Obesity,
  • Some medicines, and
  • Other medical conditions such as McCune-Albright syndrome or Klinefelter syndrome.
  • Androgen-secreting tumors can also lead to an increase in estrogen levels which will result in expansion of breast tissue.

In cases where there is an underlying medical cause for breast enlargement, treating it will help reduce the size of the breasts.


For teenage boys who are experiencing breast growth, it can be difficult to understand what is going on and how to cope.

The first question doctors ask when determining the best course of action is if the boy has reached puberty. If they have not yet, there is a possibility that their breasts may grow normally as they progress through puberty. However, if they have reached puberty and also have breast tissue growth in both nipples, it is more likely that they will need surgery.

Questions to ask about male puberty?

Most people believe that there is a major difference in timing, but the physical changes are actually more similar than you might think.

  • 1) When do males start puberty?
  • 2) How long does male puberty last?
  • 3) What are some of the physical changes that happen during male puberty?

Here are some questions to ask yourself?

Gynecomastia is a medical condition that causes enlarged, round, or swollen breast tissue on males. It can affect boys of any age and is not directly connected to puberty.

Here are some questions to ask yourself before you decide to take medication for gynecomastia:

  • Is my breast size abnormal?
  • When did the breasts start developing?
  • Do my breasts hurt?
  • Can I do anything else to make them smaller?
  • Do you avoid social settings?
  • Is it permanent?
  • Can it be treated?
  • Do you shy away from intimacy

Message for parents - From Dr Anmol Chugh (Board Certified Plastic Surgeon)

Dr Anmol Chugh, Board Certified Plastic Surgeon in India, discusses gynecomastia surgery, to get rid of breast tissue in males. He discusses methods of prevention and treatment for gynecomastia and provides some advice on how parents might be able to help their son avoid developing this condition altogether.

Teens with gynecomastia can relate to the fact that it may not be easy for them to face their problems. They should take care of themselves and follow a healthy lifestyle to see an improvement.

Parents need to be aware of the time when their child's breasts grow too big for their age, because it might lead to teenage gynecomastia. It is more common in boys than girls and the reason is not clear. The excess tissue on the chest leads to a young man developing breasts and feeling self-conscious with his peers because it looks unusual on him.